Which areas of the spine are most frequently injured?
The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas. SCI is a common cause of lifelong (permanent) disability and death in children and adults. The spine has 33 vertebrae.
Which spinal nerves affect which parts of the body?
The nerves of the cervical spine go to the upper chest and arms. The nerves in your thoracic spine go to your chest and abdomen. The nerves of the lumbar spine then reach to your legs, bowel, and bladder. These nerves coordinate and control all the body’s organs and parts, and let you control your muscles.
How does a herniated disc cause back pain?
Discs that become herniated usually are in an early stage of degeneration. The spinal canal has limited space, which is inadequate for the spinal nerve and the displaced herniated disc fragment. Due to this displacement, the disc presses on spinal nerves, often producing pain, which may be severe.
How do I know if my back pain is muscle or spine?
Back Pain Symptom Checker:
Typically, pain originating in your spine will look a little different than pain from a muscle. You may have a more burning or electric type pain, or your pain may be constant. With spinal-issue pain, you may also have pain that “shoots” down your leg or into your glutes.
How do you tell if lower back pain is muscle or disc?
The lower back and neck are the most flexible parts of your spine, and they’re also where most herniated discs occur. While pain in your mid-back may be related to a disc, it’s more likely caused by muscle strain or other issues. Your symptoms feel worse when you bend or straighten up from a bent position.
What is the signs of nerve damage?
The signs of nerve damage
- Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet.
- Feeling like you’re wearing a tight glove or sock.
- Muscle weakness, especially in your arms or legs.
- Regularly dropping objects that you’re holding.
- Sharp pains in your hands, arms, legs, or feet.
- A buzzing sensation that feels like a mild electrical shock.
What does nerve pain in lower back feel like?
Sharp, stabbing, shooting, and/or shock-like pain that radiates from the lower back into your leg. Burning sensation in your lower back and/or legs. Pricking (pins and needles) sensation in your back and/or legs.
How does damage to the spinal cord and nerves affect the other parts of the body?
A spinal cord injury stops the flow of messages below the site of the injury. The closer the injury is to the brain, the more of the body is affected. Injury to the middle of the back usually affects the legs (paraplegia). Injury to the neck can affect the arms, chest, and legs (quadriplegia).