Why are spinal taps performed?
During a spinal tap (lumbar puncture), a healthcare provider withdraws cerebrospinal fluid. This test can detect meningitis, leukemia and other illness. Providers also use spinal taps to give spinal anesthesia (epidural) and medications.
What is the purpose of performing a lumbar puncture below the level of l1?
The main reason for a lumbar puncture is to help diagnose diseases of the central nervous system, including the brain and spine. Examples of these conditions include meningitis and subarachnoid hemorrhage.
At what level lumbar puncture is done and why?
Therefore a lumbar puncture is generally performed at or below the L3-L4 interspace. As a general anatomical rule, the line drawn between the posterior iliac crests often corresponds closely to the level of L3-L4. The interspace is selected after palpation of the spinous processes at each lumbar level.
Can a spinal tap paralyze you?
While a spinal tap can be uncomfortable, the fear of a spinal tap causing paralysis is unfounded. Paralysis can occur when the spinal cord, which runs from the brain stem to the top of the lumbar vertebrae and usually ends in the space between the first and second lumbar vertebrae, is damaged.
How long does a spinal tap take?
How long does a lumbar puncture take? A lumbar puncture takes around 30 to 45 minutes, but you’ll need to stay lying down at the hospital for at least another hour while the nurses monitor you. You’ll be able to go home the same day if you feel well enough, but you would not be able to drive yourself home.
Which is the best way to position a patient for lumbar puncture?
Positioning — An LP can be performed with the patient in the lateral recumbent or prone positions or sitting upright. The lateral recumbent or prone positions are preferred over the upright position because they allow more accurate measurement of the opening pressure.
What happens when a lumbar puncture goes wrong?
When spinal fluid is removed during an LP, the risks include headache from a persistent spinal fluid leak, brain herniation, bleeding, and infection. Each of these complications are uncommon with the exception of headache, which can appear from hours to up to a day after a lumbar puncture.
Why the needle is inserted in the median plane in lumbar puncture?
However, as the nerve roots exiting the vertebral canal at this level approach their fixed dural sleeves laterally, they are unable to move freely. Hence it is necessary to remain in the median plane in order to avoid damage to the nerve roots.