What does osteoporosis mean in medical terminology?
Overview. Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle — so brittle that a fall or even mild stresses such as bending over or coughing can cause a fracture. Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist or spine. Bone is living tissue that is constantly being broken down and replaced.
What’s the difference between osteopenia and osteoporosis?
If you have a lower than normal bone density score — between -1 and -2.5 — you have osteopenia. If you score is lower than -2.5, you may be diagnosed with osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is the more serious progression of osteopenia.
What is the Latin word for osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a condition that affects the bones. Its name comes from Latin for “porous bones.” The inside of a healthy bone has small spaces, like a honeycomb.
What are the two medications that may cause osteoporosis after long term use?
The medications most commonly associated with osteoporosis include phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and primidone. These antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are all potent inducers of CYP-450 isoenzymes.
What foods are bad for osteoporosis?
7 Foods to Avoid When You Have Osteoporosis
- Salt. …
- Caffeine. …
- Soda. …
- Red Meat. …
- Alcohol. …
- Wheat Bran. …
- Liver and Fish Liver Oil.
Can osteoporosis go back to osteopenia?
Can osteoporosis be reversed without medications? Your doctor diagnoses osteoporosis based on bone density loss. You can have different degrees of the condition, and catching it early can help you prevent the condition from worsening. You cannot reverse bone loss on your own.
Will osteoporosis shorten my life?
The residual life expectancy of a 50-year-old man beginning osteoporosis treatment was estimated to be 18.2 years and that of a 75-year-old man was 7.5 years. Estimates in women were 26.4 years and 13.5 years, respectively.
Does walking build bone density?
Walking is a weight bearing exercise that builds and maintains strong bones and is an excellent exercise. Not only it improves your bone health, but it also increases your muscle strength, coordination, and balance which in turn helps to prevent falls and related fractures, and improve your overall health.
What is the meaning of the combining form por O in the term osteoporosis?
When you see the root osteo, you know that the word relates to “bone.” The suffix osis tells you the word is probably a “condition.” The Greek root poro is pretty much the same as its English ancestor: it means “porous” or “passage.” So osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones are porous, or weak.
How do astronauts prevent osteoporosis?
Bone loss and kidney stones are well-known as essential problems for astronauts to overcome during extended stays in space. Crew members engage in physical exercise for 2.5 hours a day, six times a week (15 hours a week) while in orbit to avoid these issues.
What is the most common drug used to treat osteoporosis?
For both men and women at increased risk of fracture, the most widely prescribed osteoporosis medications are bisphosphonates. Examples include: Alendronate (Binosto, Fosamax) Ibandronate (Boniva)