What is the spinal shock?
The term “spinal shock” applies to all phenomena surrounding physiologic or anatomic transection of the spinal cord that results in temporary loss or depression of all or most spinal reflex activity below the level of the injury.
How long does spinal cord shock last?
Spinal shock usually lasts for days or weeks after spinal cord injury and the average duration is 4 to 12 weeks.
What are the stages of spinal shock?
We present here a new paradigm for spinal shock consisting of four phases: (1) areflexia/hyporeflexia, (2) initial reflex return, (3) early hyper-reflexia, and (4) late hyper-reflexia. It is increasingly apparent that spinal shock reflects underlying neuroplasticity after SCI.
Can the spinal cord repair itself?
Unlike other parts of your body, the spinal cord does not have the ability to repair itself if it is damaged. A spinal cord injury occurs when there is damage to the spinal cord either from trauma, loss of its normal blood supply, or compression from tumor or infection.
How does spinal cord injuries cause death?
Originally the leading cause of death in patients with spinal cord injury who survived their initial injury was renal failure, but, currently, the leading causes of death are pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, or septicemia.
Is Spinal shock reversible?
Spinal shock occurs following an acute spinal cord injury and involves a reversible loss of all neurological function, including reflexes and rectal tone, below a particular level.
What are the causes of spinal shock?
Spinal shock is a result of severe spinal cord injury. It usually requires high-impact, direct trauma that leads to spinal cord injury and spinal shock. The initial encounter with a patient that has spinal shock is usually under a trauma scenario.
What is the difference between spinal shock and neurogenic shock?
Neurogenic shock describes the hemodynamic changes resulting from a sudden loss of autonomic tone due to spinal cord injury. It is commonly seen when the level of the injury is above T6. Spinal shock, on the other hand, refers to loss of all sensation below the level of injury and is not circulatory in nature.