What classification of disease is osteoporosis?

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What is classification of osteoporosis?

Two categories of osteoporosis have been identified: primary and secondary. Primary osteoporosis is the most common form of the disease and includes postmenopausal osteoporosis (type I), and senile osteoporosis (type II). Secondary osteoporosis is characterized as having a clearly definable etiologic mechanism.

Is osteoporosis a systemic disease?

Osteoporosis is considered a systemic disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue. Consequent increased bone fragility results in higher fracture risk. The most common osteoporotic fractures are located in the spine, and they form a significant health issue.

Is osteoporosis a multifactorial disease?

Osteoporosis is a multifactorial disorder associated with low bone mass and enhanced skeletal fragility. Although most prevalent in older females, some men are also at high risk.

What are five risk factors for osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis Risk Factors

  • Female gender, Caucasian or Asian race, thin and small body frames, and a family history of osteoporosis. …
  • Cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol and caffeine consumption, lack of exercise, and a diet low in calcium.
  • Poor nutrition and poor general health.
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What is the difference between primary and secondary osteoporosis?

Primary osteoporosis is bone loss that occurs during the normal human aging process. Secondary osteoporosis is defined as bone loss that results from specific, well-defined clinical disorders.

What are the first signs of osteoporosis?

Symptoms

  • Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra.
  • Loss of height over time.
  • A stooped posture.
  • A bone that breaks much more easily than expected.

Is sitting bad for osteoporosis?

“If you have low bone density, however, and you put a lot of force or pressure into the front of the spine — such as in a sit-up or toe touch — it increases your risk of a compression fracture.” Once you have one compression fracture, it can trigger a “cascade of fractures” in the spine, says Kemmis.

What are the two medications that may cause osteoporosis after long term use?

The medications most commonly associated with osteoporosis include phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and primidone. These antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are all potent inducers of CYP-450 isoenzymes.

Can osteoporosis come on suddenly?

It may start gradually and get worse over time or come on suddenly and sharply. Some fractures can heal on their own.

Can osteoporosis be caused by trauma?

Bone loss can occur without any symptoms, until the fracture actually occurs. Osteoporotic fractures can arise with minimal trauma, such as a strain, bump or fall. In individuals with osteoporosis,a fracture can be caused by even a minor fall or during routine activities, such as twisting and bending.

What underlying diseases can cause osteoporosis?

6 Medical Conditions Linked to Osteoporosis and Bone Loss

  • Diabetes Mellitus and Osteoporosis. For reasons scientists still don’t fully understand, people with type 1 diabetes tend to have lower bone density. …
  • Lupus and Rheumatoid Arthritis. …
  • Hyperthyroidism. …
  • Celiac Disease. …
  • Asthma. …
  • Multiple Sclerosis.
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Does osteoporosis make you tired?

Following a fracture, bones tend to heal within six to eight weeks but pain and other physical problems, such as pain and tiredness or fatigue, may continue.

Is osteoporosis a natural part of aging?

Is osteoporosis a normal part of aging? While it is typical to lose some bone mass as you age, it is not normal to have osteoporosis, to experience painful broken bones, or to lose more than 1-1/2 inches of height. Osteoporosis may be prevented and it is easily diagnosed and treated.