What happens if osteomyelitis goes untreated?
Osteomyelitis is a bacterial, or fungal, infection of the bone. Osteomyelitis affects about 2 out of every 10,000 people. If left untreated, the infection can become chronic and cause a loss of blood supply to the affected bone. When this happens, it can lead to the eventual death of the bone tissue.
How quickly does osteomyelitis spread?
Acute osteomyelitis develops rapidly over a period of seven to 10 days. The symptoms for acute and chronic osteomyelitis are very similar and include: Fever, irritability, fatigue.
Can osteomyelitis be life threatening?
In acute osteomyelitis, infection develops within 2 weeks of an injury, initial infection, or the start of an underlying disease. The pain can be intense, and the condition can be life-threatening. A course of antibiotics or antifungal medicine is normally effective.
Can you have a bone infection for years?
Osteomyelitis is an infection of the inner bone, called the marrow. This infection usually happens in the long bones, like the femur or tibia in your legs. Osteomyelitis can be either acute, meaning it hasn’t been in the bone for very long, or chronic, meaning you’ve had the infection for a long time.
What is the most common cause of osteomyelitis?
Most cases of osteomyelitis are caused by staphylococcus bacteria, types of germs commonly found on the skin or in the nose of even healthy individuals.
What should you do if osteomyelitis is suspected?
Depending on the severity of the infection, osteomyelitis surgery may include one or more of the following procedures:
- Drain the infected area. …
- Remove diseased bone and tissue. …
- Restore blood flow to the bone. …
- Remove any foreign objects. …
- Amputate the limb.
Is osteomyelitis very painful?
Osteomyelitis is a painful bone infection. It usually goes away if treated early with antibiotics. If not, it can cause permanent damage.
How can you tell if you have a bone infection?
Diagnosing Bone & Joint Infections
- Blood Test. Doctors may use blood tests to determine if you have an infection, and, if so, what type of bacterium or fungus is causing it. …
- X-ray. X-rays use electromagnetic radiation to create pictures of the body. …
- MRI Scan. …
- CT Scan. …
- Bone Scan. …
- Tissue Culture. …
- Bone Biopsy.
Can osteomyelitis spread to the rest of the body?
When a person has osteomyelitis: Bacteria or other germs may spread to a bone from infected skin, muscles, or tendons next to the bone. This may occur under a skin sore. The infection can start in another part of the body and spread to the bone through the blood.
Can osteomyelitis lead to sepsis?
An infection of the bone, called osteomyelitis, could lead to sepsis. In people who are hospitalized, bacteria may enter through IV lines, surgical wounds, urinary catheters, and bed sores.
Is osteomyelitis a medical emergency?
In some cases, osteomyelitis can be a serious condition that should be immediately evaluated in an emergency setting. Osteomyelitis may spread to the bloodstream and lead to a widespread infection.
Can osteomyelitis lead to amputation?
Osteomyelitis is usually due to non-healing ulcers and it is associated with high risk of major amputation[13-15].