How quickly does septic arthritis develop?
In most cases the symptoms develop within a few days. However, the symptoms can be slower to develop after joint replacement surgery or if you have tuberculosis. At first, the pain and fever may be mild but will gradually get worse.
What are the chances of getting septic arthritis?
People with a weak immune system are at greater risk of septic arthritis. This includes people with diabetes, kidney and liver problems, and those taking drugs that suppress their immune systems. Joint trauma. Animal bites, puncture wounds or cuts over a joint can put you at risk of septic arthritis.
What is the most common cause of septic arthritis?
The most common type of bacteria that causes septic arthritis is called Staphylococcus aureus. It is also known as S. aureus.
What are the 3 stages of sepsis?
The three stages of sepsis are: sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock. When your immune system goes into overdrive in response to an infection, sepsis may develop as a result.
What does a joint infection feel like?
Symptoms are usually severe and include fever, redness, and swelling at the joint and intense pain that worsens with movement. In infants, symptoms may include a fever, the inability to move the limb with the infected joint, and crying when the infected joint is moved.
Why is septic arthritis considered a surgical emergency?
Overview. Septic arthritis is considered a surgical emergency. Diagnosis and prompt drainage is required to avoid continued joint damage, which can result in early onset arthritis. Septic arthritis typically occurs related to adjacent osteomyelitis (infection of the bone).
How can you tell the difference between gout and septic arthritis?
Unlike gout, septic arthritis occurs frequently in the knee: Infection in the knee occurs in 50% of cases. Other areas include the hip, shoulder, wrist, and ankle. In cases in which it is difficult to differentiate, septic arthritis should be ruled out through Gram stain and culture of the synovial fluid.
Can septic arthritis be seen on xray?
The earliest plain film radiographic findings of septic arthritis are soft tissue swelling around the joint and a widened joint space from joint effusion; however, uniform narrowing of the joint has also been described.
Is septic arthritis a medical emergency?
Acute nongonococcal septic arthritis is a medical emergency that can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Therefore, prompt recognition, rapid and aggressive antimicrobial therapy, and surgical treatment are critical to ensuring a good prognosis.
Can septic arthritis lead to amputation?
Indeed, if there is a delay in diagnosis and treatment, the bacteria will spread deeper into the joint, making it difficult to fully clear the joint and surrounding tissue of infection. In such cases it may be impossible to save the joint, making an amputation necessary.