Which ethnic group has the highest risk for osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis can occur in persons of all races and ethnicities. In general, however, whites (especially of northern European descent) and Asians are at increased risk. In particular, non-Hispanic white women and Asian women are at higher risk for osteoporosis.
Who is most affected by osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is most common in older women. In the United States, osteoporosis affects one in four women 65 or older. But younger women can get osteoporosis. And girls and women of all ages need to take steps to protect their bones.
What is the significance of genes and ethnicity as a risk factor for osteoporosis?
Differences in body size. People of Asian descent tend to have smaller body frames than those of other ethnicities, and people who are shorter and more slender are at increased risk of developing osteoporosis. Calcium intake. A diet low in calcium and vitamin D increases the odds of developing osteoporosis.
Which race has the most muscle mass?
Among the women, African Americans had the largest expected mean SM values, followed by Whites, Hispanics, and Asians. A similar pattern is present in men, in whom African American men had the largest SM and Whites the smallest SM estimates.
What organs are affected by osteoporosis?
Osteoporotic bone breaks are most likely to occur in the hip, spine or wrist, but other bones can break too. In addition to causing permanent pain, osteoporosis causes some patients to lose height. When osteoporosis affects vertebrae, or the bones of the spine, it often leads to a stooped or hunched posture.
Is sitting bad for osteoporosis?
“If you have low bone density, however, and you put a lot of force or pressure into the front of the spine — such as in a sit-up or toe touch — it increases your risk of a compression fracture.” Once you have one compression fracture, it can trigger a “cascade of fractures” in the spine, says Kemmis.
What are the two medications that may cause osteoporosis after long term use?
The medications most commonly associated with osteoporosis include phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and primidone. These antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are all potent inducers of CYP-450 isoenzymes.
Why is genetics a risk factor for osteoporosis?
Twin and family studies have shown that genetic factors contribute to osteoporosis by influencing bone mineral density (BMD), and other phenotypes that are associated with fracture risk, although the heritability of fracture itself is modest.
What are the first signs of osteoporosis?
- Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra.
- Loss of height over time.
- A stooped posture.
- A bone that breaks much more easily than expected.
Who gets osteoporosis factors that put you at risk?
Factors that will increase the risk of developing osteoporosis are:
- Female gender, Caucasian or Asian race, thin and small body frames, and a family history of osteoporosis. …
- Cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol and caffeine consumption, lack of exercise, and a diet low in calcium.
- Poor nutrition and poor general health.