What are the complications of spinal cord injury?
Core tip: The paper provides an overview of acute complications of spinal cord injury. Frequent complications in the acute phase of are bradyarrhythmias and hypotension. Other complications are instability of temperature (hypothermia and hyperthermia), pain, spasticity and autonomic dysreflexia (AD).
How can a spinal cord injury affect a person’s daily activity or routine?
Your strength and stamina usually improves. Your ability to do daily activities usually improves. The time you spend out of bed and up in your wheelchair usually increases. At first, you may depend on medical equipment, such as a hospital bed or assistive devices, but not need them later.
Does a spinal cord injury shorten your life?
Life expectancy depends on the severity of the injury, where on the spine the injury occurs and age. Life expectancy after injury ranges from 1.5 years for a ventilator-dependent patient older than 60 to 52.6 years for a 20-year-old patient with preserved motor function.
Can a damaged spinal cord be repaired?
Damage to the spinal cord rarely heals because the injured nerve cells fail to regenerate. The regrowth of their long nerve fibers is hindered by scar tissue and molecular processes inside the nerves.
What is the life expectancy of someone with a spinal cord injury?
Individuals aged 60 years at the time of injury have a life expectancy of approximately 7.7 years (patients with high tetraplegia), 9.9 years (patients with low tetraplegia), and 12.8 years (patients with paraplegia).
How long does it take to walk after spinal cord injury?
The time period a patient needs to rehabilitate depends on the patient’s injury and ability to heal. Some patients can take a few weeks to regain the ability to walk, while others take several months or longer.
What is a complete spinal injury?
A complete spinal cord injury means that the nerves below the point of injury cannot communicate at all with the brain anymore. This leads to paralysis below the location of the injury.
What part of the spine controls the heart?
Thoracic (mid back) – the main function of the thoracic spine is to hold the rib cage and protect the heart and lungs. The twelve thoracic vertebrae are numbered T1 to T12.