What two things does the spinal cord connect?
Spinal nerves connect the brain with the nerves in most parts of the body. Other nerves go directly from the brain to the eyes, ears, and other parts of the head. This network of nerves carries messages back and forth between the brain and the rest of the body.
What are the two types of nervous system which system does the spine?
The nervous system has two main parts: The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system is made up of nerves that branch off from the spinal cord and extend to all parts of the body.
Where does integration occur in the spinal cord?
Overview of the Spinal Cord
For example, specialized nerve endings often act as sensors (receptors), information is carried along nerves and/or tracts of the spinal cord, integration occurs within the CNS, and spinal cord tracts and nerves carry the responding information back out to the effectors.
What part of your spine controls your legs?
The nerves of the cervical spine go to the upper chest and arms. The nerves in your thoracic spine go to your chest and abdomen. The nerves of the lumbar spine then reach to your legs, bowel, and bladder. These nerves coordinate and control all the body’s organs and parts, and let you control your muscles.
What happens if your spinal cord hurts?
Emergency signs and symptoms of a spinal cord injury after an accident include: Extreme back pain or pressure in your neck, head or back. Weakness, incoordination or paralysis in any part of your body. Numbness, tingling or loss of sensation in your hands, fingers, feet or toes.
What is the function of spinal nerves?
Structure and Function
Spinal nerves are mixed nerves that interact directly with the spinal cord to modulate motor and sensory information from the body’s periphery. Each nerve forms from nerve fibers, known as fila radiculara, extending from the posterior (dorsal) and anterior (ventral) roots of the spinal cord.
What is the main function of the peripheral nervous system?
The PNS has three basic functions: (1) conveying motor commands to all voluntary striated muscles in the body; (2) carrying sensory information about the external world and the body to the brain and spinal cord (except visual information: the optic nerves, which convey information from the retina to the brain, are in …
What are the two components of the peripheral nervous system?
The peripheral nervous system is further subdivided into the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system. The somatic nervous system consists of nerves that go to the skin and muscles and is involved in conscious activities.
What is the basic unit of spinal cord?
The nervous system has two distinct parts: the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord) and the peripheral nervous system (the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord). The basic unit of the nervous system is the nerve cell (neuron).