What is the most common type of spinal cord syndrome?

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Which is the most common type of spinal syndrome?

Central cord syndrome is the most common incomplete SCI syndrome, occurring in 15-25% of traumatic SCIs. Central cord syndrome is common in elderly patients with a history of cervical spondylosis and spinal stenosis who suffer a SCI from a traumatic fall.

What is the most common cause of spinal cord injury?

The leading causes of spinal cord injury are road traffic crashes, falls and violence (including attempted suicide). A significant proportion of traumatic spinal cord injury is due to work or sports-related injuries.

Which is the commonest site of spinal injuries?

The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas. SCI is a common cause of lifelong (permanent) disability and death in children and adults.

They are:

  • 7 cervical (neck)
  • 12 thoracic (upper back)
  • 5 lumbar (lower back)
  • 5 sacral* (sacrum, located in the pelvis)
  • 4 coccygeal* (coccyx, located in the pelvis)

What is the most serious type of spinal cord injury?

The most severe type of complete spinal cord injury is Tetraplegia. This causes paralysis and can affect every limb. Its location on the cervical spine dictates exactly how severe this injury is. Paraplegia involves the injured losing complete movement and sensation of body parts.

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What is a complete spinal injury?

A complete spinal cord injury means that the nerves below the point of injury cannot communicate at all with the brain anymore. This leads to paralysis below the location of the injury.

What is a spinal syndrome?

Central cord syndrome (CCS) is an incomplete traumatic injury to the cervical spinal cord – the portion of the spinal cord that runs through the bones of the neck. This injury results in weakness in the arms more so than the legs.

Does a spinal cord injury shorten your life?

Life expectancy depends on the severity of the injury, where on the spine the injury occurs and age. Life expectancy after injury ranges from 1.5 years for a ventilator-dependent patient older than 60 to 52.6 years for a 20-year-old patient with preserved motor function.

Can the spinal cord repair itself?

Unlike other parts of your body, the spinal cord does not have the ability to repair itself if it is damaged. A spinal cord injury occurs when there is damage to the spinal cord either from trauma, loss of its normal blood supply, or compression from tumor or infection.

What are the symptoms of spinal cord problem?

Symptoms of a Spinal Cord Disorder

  • Weakness or paralysis of limbs.
  • Loss of sensation.
  • Changes in reflexes.
  • Loss of urinary or bowel control.
  • Uncontrolled muscle spasms.
  • Back pain.

What parts of the body can be paralyzed from a spinal injuries?

Also known as quadriplegia, this means that your arms, hands, trunk, legs and pelvic organs are all affected by your spinal cord injury. Paraplegia. This paralysis affects all or part of the trunk, legs and pelvic organs.

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Can spinal nerve damage be repaired?

People who survive severe spinal cord injuries often experience life-long disability. Adult nerve cells in the spinal cord don’t regrow after damage. Why they don’t, and how they might be encouraged to do so, have been areas of extensive research. Axons require a great deal of energy to regrow.