What is the difference between osteoporosis op and osteomalacia OM )?

What is the difference between osteoporosis op and osteomalacia OM )?

In osteoporosis, the bones are porous and brittle, whereas in osteomalacia, the bones are soft. This difference in bone consistency is related to the mineral-to-organic material ratio.

Can you have both osteoporosis and osteomalacia?

It is possible to have both osteoporosis and osteomalacia. Low bone density that could be classified as osteoporosis has been found in up to 70 percent of people with osteomalacia. It is important to distinguish this secondary osteoporosis from primary osteoporosis, as the focus and treatment are different.

Does op mean osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis (OP) is a systemic heterogenic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue with a consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fractures. The fractures are the clinical consequences of the disease.

Does osteomalacia show on a DEXA scan?

DEXA is not indicated to diagnose osteomalacia, because BMD will be low with no differentiation between osteoporosis and osteomalacia. Osteomalacia is suspected on the grounds of clinical complaints and signs (bone pains and muscle weakness, waddling gait, widening of bone ends at the wrist in children..).

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Can lack of vitamin D cause osteoporosis?

The consequences of vitamin D deficiency are secondary hyperparathyroidism and bone loss, leading to osteoporosis and fractures, mineralization defects, which may lead to osteomalacia in the long term, and muscle weakness, causing falls and fractures.

Which is worse osteoporosis or osteomalacia?

Osteomalacia is more common in women and often happens during pregnancy. It’s not the same as osteoporosis. Both can cause bones to break. But while osteomalacia is a problem with bones not hardening, osteoporosis is the weakening of the bone.

What does osteomalacia feel like?

As osteomalacia progresses, you might develop bone pain and muscle weakness. The dull, aching pain associated with osteomalacia most commonly affects the lower back, pelvis, hips, legs and ribs. The pain might be worse at night or when you put pressure on the bones. The pain is rarely relieved completely by rest.

Can osteomalacia be cured?

Fortunately, getting enough vitamin D through oral supplements for several weeks to months can cure osteomalacia. To maintain normal blood levels of vitamin D, you’ll likely have to continue taking the supplements.

What is the prognosis for osteomalacia?

If left untreated, osteomalacia can lead to broken bones and severe deformity. There are various treatment options available to help manage the conditions. You may see improvements in a few weeks if you increase your intake of vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus. Complete healing of the bones takes about 6 months.

What are the two medications that may cause osteoporosis after long term use?

The medications most commonly associated with osteoporosis include phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and primidone. These antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are all potent inducers of CYP-450 isoenzymes.

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What foods are bad for osteoporosis?

7 Foods to Avoid When You Have Osteoporosis

  • Salt. …
  • Caffeine. …
  • Soda. …
  • Red Meat. …
  • Alcohol. …
  • Wheat Bran. …
  • Liver and Fish Liver Oil.

Is sitting bad for osteoporosis?

“If you have low bone density, however, and you put a lot of force or pressure into the front of the spine — such as in a sit-up or toe touch — it increases your risk of a compression fracture.” Once you have one compression fracture, it can trigger a “cascade of fractures” in the spine, says Kemmis.