Thus the word poliomyelitis means the inflammation of the spinal cord (gray matter). Polio is an acute, contagious viral disease that attacks the central nervous system, injuring or destroying the nerve cells that control muscles and sometimes causing paralysis. Another name is infantile paralysis.
Poliomyelitis: This condition is also known as polio. It is a viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord that may result in paralysis. Individuals who have had poliomyelitis, and have recovered from it, may suffer from the post-polio syndrome which is the recurrence later in life of some polio symptoms.
What virus affects the spinal cord?
Spinal cord regions affected by viruses that cause myelitis
Abbreviations: HEV, human enteroviruses, JEV, Japanese encephalitis virus, PV, poliovirus, RV, rabies virus, TBEV, tick-borne encephalitis virus, WNV, West Nile virus.
What does spinal cord inflammation feel like?
The termmyelitisrefers to inflammation of the spinal cord;transverserefers to the pattern of changes in sensation—there is often a band-like sensation across the trunk of the body, with sensory changes below. Symptoms may develop suddenly (over a period of hours) or over days or weeks and include: pain. sensory …
How is myelitis treated?
Steroids help reduce the inflammation in your spinal column. Plasma exchange therapy. People who don’t respond to intravenous steroids may need plasma exchange therapy. This involves removing the straw-colored fluid in which blood cells are suspended (plasma) and replacing the plasma with special fluids.
Can viruses cause neurological problems?
Viruses can cause neurological problems due to a number of mechanisms including lytic effects on brain cells (cytomegalovirus), induced apoptosis (vesicular stomatitis virus, VSV), or secondary damage due to release of glutamate, DNA, and other inducers of further brain damage.
What causes meningoencephalitis?
Meningoencephalitis can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoan or as secondary sequel of other inflammations like AIDS. The viral or aseptic meningoencephalitis is mainly caused by enteroviruses, varicella‐zoster viruses, herpes simplex viruses, or measles viruses.
Is an infection in the spine serious?
A spinal infection is a rare, but often serious, form of disease that occurs when bacteria, fungi, or viruses invade the spinal tissues. These foreign agents can attack pretty much any part of the spine that you can image. This includes the vertebrae, spinal discs, meninges, spinal canal… and even the spinal cord.
How do you know if your spine is infected?
It can take a month or more to diagnose a spinal infection. Diagnostic tests include bloodwork to identify whether an infection is present and imaging tests to pinpoint the exact location and extent of the issue. Imaging tests typically include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography (CT) scan.