What are the 3 types of osteoporosis?
Types of Osteoporosis
- Primary Osteoporosis. Primary osteoporosis makes up the vast majority of the cases. …
- Secondary Osteoporosis. …
- Osteogenesis Imperfecta. …
- Idiopathic Juvenile Osteoporosis.
Which type of osteoporosis is most common?
Primary osteoporosis is the most common form of the disease and includes postmenopausal osteoporosis (type I), and senile osteoporosis (type II). Secondary osteoporosis is characterized as having a clearly definable etiologic mechanism.
What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 osteoporosis?
Postmenopausal osteoporosis (type 1) occurs in women within 15–20 years after menopause and is thought to result from factors related to or exacerbated by estrogen deficiency. Age-related osteoporosis (type 2) occurs in men and women over 75 years of age and may be more directly related to the aging process.
What are the 4 types of osteoporosis?
There are four types of osteoporosis: primary, secondary, osteogenesis imperfecta, and idiopathic juvenile.
How can you tell the difference between osteoporosis?
Orthopedic doctors usually distinguish between two different types of osteoporosis, primary and secondary. Primary Osteoporosis is linked to the normal aging process. There is an association between the presence of two hormones, estrogen and progesterone, and the rate at which bone is lost.
What is the best management of osteoporosis?
Bisphosphonates are usually the first choice for osteoporosis treatment. These include: Alendronate (Fosamax), a weekly pill. Risedronate (Actonel), a weekly or monthly pill.
What are the grades of osteoporosis?
Understanding Bone Density Test Results
- A T-score of -1.0 or above is normal bone density. Examples are 0.9, 0 and -0.9.
- A T-score between -1.0 and -2.5 means you have low bone density or osteopenia. …
- A T-score of -2.5 or below is a diagnosis of osteoporosis. …
- The lower a person’s T-score, the lower the bone density.
What is the life expectancy of a person with osteoporosis?
The average life expectancy of osteoporosis patients is in excess of 15 years in women younger than 75 years and in men younger than 60 years, highlighting the importance of developing tools for long-term management.
Why is osteoporosis more common in females?
Women. Women are more at risk of developing osteoporosis than men because the hormone changes that happen at the menopause directly affect bone density. The female hormone oestrogen is essential for healthy bones. After the menopause, oestrogen levels fall.
How can you prevent osteoporosis?
Prevention of osteoporosis
- have a healthy and varied diet with plenty of fresh fruit, vegetables and whole grains.
- eat calcium-rich foods.
- absorb enough vitamin D.
- avoid smoking.
- limit alcohol consumption.
- limit caffeine.
- do regular weight-bearing and strength-training activities.
Is osteoporosis genetic?
Osteoporosis is a polygenic disorder, determined by the effects of several genes, each with relatively modest effects on bone mass and other determinants of fracture risk. It is only on rare occasions that osteoporosis occurs as the result of mutations in a single gene.