How do you perform a musculoskeletal assessment?
During a routine assessment of a patient during inpatient care, a registered nurse typically completes the following musculoskeletal assessments:
- Assess gait.
- Inspect the spine.
- Observe range of motion of joints.
- Inspect muscles and extremities for size and symmetry.
- Assess muscle strength.
- Palpate extremities for tenderness.
What do musculoskeletal assessments look for?
Musculoskeletal examination should include strength testing, especially of the muscles acting on the hand and fingers, range of motion examination of all joints affected, and examination for discontinuity of joints or tendons and muscle spasm or trigger points.
What are the most common tests used to diagnose musculoskeletal system disorders?
Imaging Tests Used for Diagnosing Muscle Disorders
- CT Scan. Doctors often use a computed tomography scan, aka a CT scan or CAT scan, to diagnose problems with the bones or muscles. …
- DEXA Scan. A DEXA scan measures the density and mass of structures inside the body. …
- X-Ray. …
- MRI. …
- Arthrogram. …
What should I ask in a musculoskeletal assessment?
History of Present Illness
- Date of onset and type of onset (suddenly or slowly).
- Location of pain: (joints, muscles, soft tissues)
- Presence of swelling* (before and now)
- Subsequent course (progressive, intermittent or remittent).
- Present status (better, same or worse).
- Impact on their lives.
What is a genitourinary assessment?
The nursing assessment of the genitourinary system generally focuses on bladder function. Ask about urinary symptoms, including dysuria , urinary frequency , or urinary urgency . Dysuria is any discomfort associated with urination and often signifies a urinary tract infection.
What are the common signs and symptoms associated with musculoskeletal system disorders?
What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain?
- Aching and stiffness.
- Burning sensations in the muscles.
- Muscle twitches.
- Pain that worsens with movement.
- Sleep disturbances.
What are five 5 signs and symptoms of a musculoskeletal injury?
What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal injury?
- Pain in the hands, arms, shoulders, neck, back, legs or feet.
- May include swelling, numbness, tingling and a feeling of heaviness and/or tiredness in the affected area.
- Some workers may experience multiple symptoms due to more than one injury.
What are some examples of musculoskeletal disorders?
Examples of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs)
- Carpal tunnel syndrome.
- Rotator cuff injuries (affects the shoulder)
- Epicondylitis (affects the elbow)
- Trigger finger.
- Muscle strains and low back injuries.