Is tethered spinal cord a rare disease?

Is tethered spinal cord genetic?

Since tethered cord syndrome is a physiological disorder and develops only when it is abnormally stretched, it cannot be connected to genetic factors, unless the congenital susceptibility of spinal cord to oxidative metabolic impairment is proven.

Can you live with a tethered cord?

Although it is rare, a patient with tethered spinal cord can continue undiagnosed into adulthood. In such cases, the strain on the spinal cord increases, leading to increasing sensory and motor problems, as well as loss of bladder and bowel control.

How successful is tethered cord surgery?

Previous studies of surgical detethering in adult patients with a tethered cord showed that pain is the most effectively treated symptom with success rates of 48%–100%. Other deficits, such as motor weakness and sphincter dysfunction, are more difficult to treat.

How long does tethered spinal cord surgery take?

The procedure lasts two to four hours. Although each child’s experience is different, a typical hospital stay after a tethered cord release lasts four to seven days. If your child has the procedure, they will likely be hospitalized in the Neurosciences Unit. Here, they rest flat in bed for 24 to 72 hours after surgery.

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Can tethered cord cause paralysis?

In milder cases, this pull on the spinal cord is minimal and typically does not lead to damage. That being said, patients with more severe cases may exhibit the symptoms of a spinal cord injury, such as lower body paralysis or a loss of sensation.

What happens if a tethered spinal cord goes untreated?

Patients with untreated tethered cord will continue to experience their current symptoms, and their motor and sensory function may worsen. Particularly in children, lengthening of the spine with growth can lead to paraplegia and loss of bowel and bladder function.

How do you know if your cord is tethered?

In adults, symptoms of tethered cord often develop slowly, but they can become quite severe. Symptoms may include back pain that radiates to the legs, hips, and the genital or rectal areas. The legs may feel numb or weak, and may lose muscle. Bladder and bowel control may be difficult.

Is tethered spinal cord curable?

The good news is that tethered spinal cord is a very treatable condition, especially when diagnosed and treated early. Surgery is the most common treatment to “untether” the spinal cord from the spinal tissue.

Is tethered cord progressive?

Attachments may occur congenitally at the base of the spinal cord (conus medullaris) or they may develop near the site of an injury to the spinal cord. These attachments cause an abnormal stretching of the spinal cord. The course of the disorder is progressive.

Does tethered cord cause constipation?

Children with spina bifida, tethered cord, or spinal cord tumors can suffer from serious constipation. Under these circumstances, difficulties with urination are usually also present.

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Does tethered cord require surgery?

Some infants and children require surgery to repair their tethered cord and to help with bladder control problems. Children born with a serious problem of tethered cord may need surgery as soon as possible to prevent complications.