How does diabetes mellitus cause osteoporosis?

Is diabetes mellitus a risk factor for osteoporosis?

Diabetes is also an increasingly prevalent disease, with significant associated morbidity and mortality. Additionally, it has become apparent in recent years that both type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are associated with an increased risk of osteoporosis-associated fractures [1–3].

How does insulin deficiency cause osteoporosis?

Higher glucose levels in the blood are known to interact with several proteins to form advanced glycation end (AGE) products. Yamagishi et al hypothesized that AGE-products in collagen may interact with bone to reduce bone strength, resulting in osteoporosis in patients with diabetes.

What does diabetes do to bones?

Osteoporosis is a disorder that causes bones to become weak and prone to fracture. People who have type 1 diabetes have an increased risk of osteoporosis.

How does sugar affect osteoporosis?

The overconsumption of dietary sugar has the potential to increase the risk of osteoporosis by: a) increasing the urinary excretion of both calcium and magnesium, b) reducing the intestinal absorption of calcium by lowering the levels of active vitamin D, and c) impairing bone formation by reducing osteoblast …

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Is diabetes related to osteoporosis?

The diabetes–osteoporosis link

People with diabetes, particularly type 1 diabetes, often have poorer bone quality and an increased risk of fractures. Those with long-standing disease and poor blood sugar control, and who take insulin have the highest fracture risk.

What medical research indicates that there might be a relationship between diabetes and osteoporosis?

The review of 12 studies showed that people with Type 2 diabetes are 70% more likely to fracture their hip and in the review of 6 studies, those with Type 1 over 6 times more likely to do so.

How does hyperthyroidism affect bones?

Overt hyperthyroidism is associated with accelerated bone remodeling, reduced bone density, osteoporosis, and an increase in fracture rate. The bone density changes may or may not be reversible with therapy.

Can type 2 diabetes affect your bones?

Although bone mass may or may not be decreased in those with Type 2 diabetes, there is evidence of altered bone quality. The duration of diabetes also plays a role as those living with the condition for more than 5 years tend to be at a higher risk for fractures and poor fracture healing.

Is diabetes a disability?

The short answer is “Yes.”

Under most laws, diabetes is a protected as a disability. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are protected as disabilities.

Why do legs hurt with diabetes?

Leg pain and cramps often occur as a result of nerve damage called diabetic neuropathy. If diabetes damages nerves in your arms or legs, it’s called diabetic peripheral neuropathy. This condition can be a direct result of long-term high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) in those who have diabetes.

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Is sitting bad for osteoporosis?

“If you have low bone density, however, and you put a lot of force or pressure into the front of the spine — such as in a sit-up or toe touch — it increases your risk of a compression fracture.” Once you have one compression fracture, it can trigger a “cascade of fractures” in the spine, says Kemmis.

What are the 3 foods to never eat?

20 Foods That Are Bad for Your Health

  1. Sugary drinks. Added sugar is one of the worst ingredients in the modern diet. …
  2. Most pizzas. …
  3. White bread. …
  4. Most fruit juices. …
  5. Sweetened breakfast cereals. …
  6. Fried, grilled, or broiled food. …
  7. Pastries, cookies, and cakes. …
  8. French fries and potato chips.

Are eggs good for osteoporosis?

Eggs are loaded with protein and many essential nutrients including vitamin D. Intake of vitamin D is beneficial for your bone health. So, have eggs and make your bones healthier and stronger.