What is the medical term for forward curvature of the lumbar spine?
Kyphosis or the kyphotic curve by which the spine is bent forward.
Which of the following terms describes an abnormal curvature of the spine?
Scoliosis is the abnormal curving of the spine to the left or right side (Figure 2). Scoliosis most often affects the thoracic spine and children, although it is found in adults too.
Which term means abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side?
Kyphosis: spinal deformity in which the spine curves excessively outward, creating the appearance of a hunchback. Occasionally called hyperkyphosis, to differentiate it from the normal kyphosis of the thoracic spine.
Which term means the forward slipping movement of the body of one of the lower lumbar vertebrae on the vertebra or sacrum below it?
Spondylolisthesis occurs when one vertebra slips forward over the vertebra below it. The term is pronounced spondy-low-lis-thesis and is derived from the Greek language: spondylo means vertebra and listhesis means to slip.
Is an abnormal curvature of the spine?
Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine. The normal shape of a person’s spine includes a curve at the top of the shoulder and a curve at the lower back.
What are the three types of spinal deformities?
There are three main types of spine curvature disorders, including:
- Lordosis. Also called swayback, the spine of a person with lordosis curves significantly inward at the lower back.
- Kyphosis. Kyphosis is characterized by an abnormally rounded upper back (more than 50 degrees of curvature).
What is curvature of spine called?
Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine.
What causes forward curvature of the spine?
Kyphosis is an exaggerated, forward rounding of the back. It can occur at any age but is most common in older women. Age-related kyphosis is often due to weakness in the spinal bones that causes them to compress or crack.
Is an abnormal lateral sideways curvature of the spine?
Scoliosis is a lateral, or sideways, deviation of the spine, or vertebral column. The condition usually includes two curves—the original abnormal curve and a later-developing compensatory curve.