What is the most important priority in treating an unconscious casualty with suspected spinal injury?
Airway management takes precedence over any suspected spinal injury. It is acceptable to gently move the head into a neutral position to obtain a clear airway. If the victim is breathing but remains unconscious, it is preferable that they be placed in the recovery position.
Can you use an AED on a casualty with a suspected spinal injury?
Look, listen, and feel for 10 seconds. If they’re breathing, continue to support their head, monitor their breathing, and level of response. If they are unresponsive and not breathing, make sure you have called 999/112 for emergency help and start CPR straight away. Ask a helper to find and bring a defibrillator (AED).
What is the best position for an unconscious breathing casualty with a possible spinal injury?
Place the unconscious patient in recovery position supporting neck and spine in a neutral position at all times to prevent twisting or bending movements. Maintain a clear and open airway.
What is the best method to open a person’s airway If a spinal injury is suspected?
If you think the person may have a spinal injury, place your hands on either side of their head and use your fingertips to gently lift the angle of the jaw forward and upwards, without moving the head, to open the airway. Take care not to move the casualty’s neck.
How would you manage an unconscious casualty with suspected spinal injury?
If you suspect someone has a spinal injury:
- Get help. Call 911 or emergency medical help.
- Keep the person still. Place heavy towels or rolled sheets on both sides of the neck or hold the head and neck to prevent movement.
- Avoid moving the head or neck. …
- Keep helmet on. …
- Don’t roll alone.
What are the dos and don’ts of responding to back injury?
Do not try to “play through the pain.” It is essential to let your body recover before resuming strenuous activity. Do not sleep on your stomach. This can worsen back pain. Do not perform heavy lifting or repetitive twisting of your back for up to six weeks.
When should you suspect C spine injury?
Presence of 4 clinical indicators warrants advanced medical care: Unconsciousness (or altered consciousness) Bilateral neurologic complaints/findings. Significant cervical spine pain (with or without palpation)
Do you use alcohol wipes to clean a victim’s chest?
AED Precautions/ General Information • Do not use alcohol to wipe/dry the victim’s chest; it’s flammable. Do not let electrodes touch the metal surface.
What can happen if you leave someone who is unconscious and breathing lying on their back?
When a casualty is unconscious, their muscles become relaxed, including their swallowing muscles, and if the casualty is not placed on their side, they can choke on their own fluids. If an unconscious casualty is left on their back, their tongue may fall back and block the airway.
What to do if someone is unconscious but breathing?
Learn first aid for someone who is unresponsive and breathing
- Check their breathing by tilting their head back and looking and feeling for breaths. …
- Move them onto their side and tilt their head back. …
- Call 999 as soon as possible.
How do you transport a patient with a spinal injury?
Land (ambulance) and air (helicopter or fixed-wing plane) are the primary modes available to transport the spinal injury patient. The goal is to expedite safe and effective transportation without an unfavorable impact on patient outcome.
What is the first thing you should do if a person is unconscious and not breathing?
If the person is not breathing:
- Check for breathing, coughing, or movement.
- Make sure that the airway is clear.
- If there is no sign of breathing or circulation, start cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
- Continue CPR until either help arrives or the person starts breathing on their own.
Do you do CPR if there is a pulse?
If there is no sign of breathing or pulse, begin CPR starting with compressions. If the patient definitely has a pulse but is not breathing adequately, provide ventilations without compressions.
Why is the recovery position on the left side?
Transport to Medical Care
Patients should be transported to a hospital as quickly, but as passively, as possible. They should be placed on their left side in the recovery position to prevent aspiration of vomit.
Which is the first step you should take in caring for a person with burns?
Once someone has been burned, a critical first step is to identify the most appropriate on-scene care. Often this means removing the victim, cooling the burn and addressing the ABCs: airway, breathing and circulation.