What nerves carry information toward the spinal cord?
There are basically two major types of nerves: sensory and motor. Sensory nerves send information such as touch, temperature, and pain to the brain and spinal cord. Motor nerves send signals from the brain back into the muscles, causing them to contract either voluntarily or reflexively.
Which neuron goes to the spinal cord?
A nerve signal travels down the upper motor neuron until it synapses with the lower motor neuron in the spinal cord. Then, the lower motor neuron conducts the nerve signal to the spinal root where efferent nerve fibers carry the motor signal toward the target muscle.
What neuron brings messages to the spinal cord?
The sensory neuron’s axon extends all the way into the spinal cord, where it synapses on two targets: Motor neuron innervating the quadriceps muscle. The sensory neuron activates the motor neuron, causing the quadriceps muscle to contract.
Which spinal nerves affect which parts of the body?
The nerves of the cervical spine go to the upper chest and arms. The nerves in your thoracic spine go to your chest and abdomen. The nerves of the lumbar spine then reach to your legs, bowel, and bladder. These nerves coordinate and control all the body’s organs and parts, and let you control your muscles.
What happens if your spinal cord hurts?
Emergency signs and symptoms of a spinal cord injury after an accident include: Extreme back pain or pressure in your neck, head or back. Weakness, incoordination or paralysis in any part of your body. Numbness, tingling or loss of sensation in your hands, fingers, feet or toes.
Which body part sends messages to the brain?
The thalamus carries messages from the sensory organs like the eyes, ears, nose, and fingers to the cortex. The hypothalamus controls your pulse, thirst, appetite, sleep patterns, and other processes in your body that happen automatically.
Does spinal cord send messages to the brain?
The brain and spinal cord are your body’s central nervous system. The brain is the command center for your body, and the spinal cord is the pathway for messages sent by the brain to the body and from the body to the brain.