What is the normal range of motion of flexion and extension of the spine?

What is normal spine flexion?

Thoracic and Lumbar Spine

The normal ROM for flexion or forward bending is 90 degrees. For extension, it’s approximately 30 degrees.

What is normal range of motion for spine?

Motion of the lumbar spine occurs in 3 planes and includes 4 directions, as follows: Forward flexion: 40-60° Extension: 20-35° Lateral flexion/side bending (left and right): 15-20°

What type of motion is spinal flexion?

For the vertebral column, flexion (anterior flexion) is an anterior (forward) bending of the neck or body, while extension involves a posterior-directed motion, such as straightening from a flexed position or bending backward. Lateral flexion is the bending of the neck or body toward the right or left side.

What is flexion of spine?

Flexion is the anatomical name for forward bending. When treating back pain, many spine specialists encourage exercises to strengthen the muscles that act to bring the spine into flexion. In the lower back, approximately 50% of flexion occurs at the hips, and 50% occurs at the lower spine.

What is normal lumbar extension?

Normal lumbar ranges of motion include 60 degrees of flexion, 25 degrees of extension, and 25 degrees of lateral, or side, bending.

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Why is flexion and extension important?

The words flexion and extension refer to how the shoulder muscles are moving in relation to how you move your arms. … These muscles are important for lifting yourself up and having a good range of motion in your shoulders to improve mobility.

What is flexion syndrome?

What is it? A lumbar flexion syndrome is a problem from forward bend stress of the lower back. Usually it is a result of low back forward bending many times and/or for a long time.

What is normal range of motion in neck?

The cervical spine’s range of motion is approximately 80° to 90° of flexion, 70° of extension, 20° to 45° of lateral flexion, and up to 90° of rotation to both sides.

What is normal hip range of motion?

Normal hip ROM is as follows: Abduction: 0 to 45 degrees. Adduction: 45 to 0 degrees. Extension: 115 to 0 degrees.

What is normal knee ROM?

Knee range of motion: a. Normal range of motion, using the anatomical position as zero degrees. Flexion = 0 to 140 degrees. Extension – zero degrees = full extension.