What is the mortality rate of osteomyelitis?

Can osteomyelitis lead to death?

Osteomyelitis is a bacterial, or fungal, infection of the bone. Osteomyelitis affects about 2 out of every 10,000 people. If left untreated, the infection can become chronic and cause a loss of blood supply to the affected bone. When this happens, it can lead to the eventual death of the bone tissue.

What is the prognosis for osteomyelitis?

Outlook (Prognosis)

With treatment, the outcome for acute osteomyelitis is often good. The outlook is worse for those with long-term (chronic) osteomyelitis. Symptoms may come and go for years, even with surgery. Amputation may be needed, especially in people with diabetes or poor blood circulation.

Can you fully recover from osteomyelitis?

Most cases of osteomyelitis are treatable. Chronic infections of the bone, however, may take longer to treat and heal, especially if they require surgery. Treatment should be aggressive because an amputation can become necessary sometimes. The outlook for this condition is good if the infection is treated early.

Can you die from vertebral osteomyelitis?

Vertebral osteomyelitis (VO) has a high mortality and leads to chronic pain and functional disability. Surgical treatment is often necessary.

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Can osteomyelitis lead to sepsis?

An infection of the bone, called osteomyelitis, could lead to sepsis. In people who are hospitalized, bacteria may enter through IV lines, surgical wounds, urinary catheters, and bed sores.

Is osteomyelitis very painful?

Osteomyelitis is a painful bone infection. It usually goes away if treated early with antibiotics. If not, it can cause permanent damage.

Can osteomyelitis spread to the rest of the body?

When a person has osteomyelitis: Bacteria or other germs may spread to a bone from infected skin, muscles, or tendons next to the bone. This may occur under a skin sore. The infection can start in another part of the body and spread to the bone through the blood.

Does osteomyelitis spread fast?

Osteomyelitis may also result from an infection in nearby soft tissue. The infection spreads to the bone after several days or weeks. This type of spread is particularly likely to occur in older people.

Can osteomyelitis cause nerve damage?

Patients with chronic osteomyelitis may report bone pain, tenderness, and draining abscesses around infected bone for long periods of time (months to years). Rarely, vertebral osteomyelitis may affect the nerves in the spine. If the infection travels into the spinal canal, this can result in an epidural abscess.

Can a bone infection return years later?

However, for some people, osteomyelitis or septic arthritis may never completely go away. The bacteria can lie dormant in the body and return, even after treatment. Recurrent infections, or “flares,” typically occur in the same spot as the original infection.

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What are the chances of osteomyelitis returning?

Bone infection relapsed in 20.6% of the patients followed for more of one year, a slightly lower rate compared to that found in previous reports of adult osteomyelitis [6,7,8,9,10,11].

How long can osteomyelitis be dormant?

Late onset osteomyelitis could occur up to 30 years after an initial complex fracture as an outburst of chronic silent osteomyelitis.