What is spinal cord degeneration?

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Which vitamin causes degeneration of spinal cord?

SCD is caused by vitamin B12 deficiency. It mainly affects the spinal cord. But its effects on the brain and the peripheral (body) nerves are the reason for the term “combined.” At first, the nerve covering (myelin sheath) is damaged.

Can subacute combined degeneration be reversed?

Subacute combined degeneration is treatable and the symptoms are potentially reversible.

What are the symptoms of subacute combined degeneration?

Subacute combined degeneration is characterized by degeneration of the dorsal columns and the lateral columns of the spinal cord due to demyelination. It commonly presents with sensory deficits, paresthesia, weakness, ataxia, and gait disturbance. In severe untreated cases, it can lead to spasticity and paraplegia.

How common is subacute combined degeneration?

A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study correlated the abnormal spinal cord signal found in patients with vitamin B12 deficiency and estimated an incidence of subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord in 14.8% of them.

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What can you do for spinal degeneration?

Physical therapy can help stretch and strengthen the right muscles to help the back heal and reduce the frequency of painful flare-ups. Lifestyle modifications, such as changing your posture, losing weight or giving up smoking, can sometimes help reduce stress on the damaged disc and slow down further degeneration.

Does B12 deficiency cause back pain?

Vitamin B12 is typically known as the vitamin that can amp up your energy, but it also helps keep the body’s nerve and blood cells healthy and helps make DNA. A 2000 study on vitamin B12 and low back pain found that taking this vitamin may help ease back pain, too.

What are the symptoms of degeneration of the spinal cord?

In general, symptoms of a degenerating spine include:

  • Spinal deformity.
  • Limited motion.
  • Pain. Sharp or chronic. With movement or at rest.
  • Nerve injuries. Weakness. Sensory loss. Bladder and bowel function problems. Sexual dysfunction.

What are the neurological symptoms of B12 deficiency?

A lack of vitamin B12 can cause neurological problems, which affect your nervous system, such as:

  • vision problems.
  • memory loss.
  • pins and needles (paraesthesia)
  • loss of physical co-ordination (ataxia), which can affect your whole body and cause difficulty speaking or walking.

Is vitamin B good for spinal stenosis?

Vitamin B12 is important for the normal functioning of the neurological system, deficiency of which can result in varied neurological symptoms which may mimic those of spinal stenosis.

What is pernicious anemia caused by?

A lack of vitamin B12 (vitamin B12 deficiency) causes the signs and symptoms of pernicious anemia. Without enough vitamin B12, your body can’t make enough healthy red blood cells, which causes anemia.

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Do you give B12 or folate first?

Vitamin B12 supplements are usually given by injection at first. Then, depending on whether your B12 deficiency is related to your diet, you’ll either require B12 tablets between meals or regular injections. These treatments may be needed for the rest of your life. Folic acid tablets are used to restore folate levels.

Can vitamin B12 deficiency cause demyelination?

Vitamin B12 deficiency is known to be associated with signs of demyelination, usually in the spinal cord. Lack of vitamin B12 in the maternal diet during pregnancy has been shown to cause severe retardation of myelination in the nervous system.

Does B12 deficiency cause Hyperreflexia?

Neurologic symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency are paresthesias, diminished proprioception and vibration sensation, motor weakness, clonus or hyperreflexia, areflexia, autonomic dysfunction, gait disturbance, intellectual or behavioral impairment, and impaired visual acuity [3].

Can vitamin B12 deficiency cause lesions?

Skin lesions associated with vitamin B12 deficiency are skin hyperpigmentation, vitiligo, angular stomatitis, and hair changes. Cutaneous lesions that do not respond to conventional therapy can be an indication of vitamin B12 deficiency. Malabsorption is the most common cause of vitamin B12 deficiency.