What is the prognosis when cancer spreads to the spine?
Median survival of patients with spinal metastatic disease is 10 months. Spinal metastasis is one of the leading causes of morbidity in cancer patients. It causes pain, fracture, mechanical instability, or neurological deficits such as paralysis and/or bowel and bladder dysfunction.
What happens when cancer gets in your spine?
Cancer cells typically reach the spine via the bloodstream, after which they enter the bone marrow and begin to multiply. Tumors within the vertebrae can weaken the bone, eventually causing them to fracture. A fracture can cause severe pain, spinal instability, and seriously affect the patient’s quality of life.
How long can you live with metastatic spine cancer?
In general, only 10% to 20% of patients with spinal metastases are still alive two years after these metastases are diagnosed.
What type of cancer spreads to the spine?
Lung, prostate, and breast cancers are the three most common cancers that tend to spread to the spine.
How serious is cancer of the spine?
Spinal tumors or growths of any kind can lead to pain, neurological problems and sometimes paralysis. A spinal tumor can be life-threatening and cause permanent disability. Treatment for a spinal tumor may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or other medications.
How long can you live with Stage 4 spinal cancer?
Those diagnosed in stage 4 who decide against treatment live an average of 6 months. Researchers use tumor grading to estimate how fast a tumor may grow. Cell abnormalities and how rapidly the cancer cells are dividing play a role in overall tumor growth. These factors are associated with survival.
What is the life expectancy of someone with bone metastases?
Most patients with metastatic bone disease survive for 6-48 months.
Is metastatic spine cancer curable?
In patients with many spinal metastases, a chance for cure is unfortunately unlikely. However, spinal metastases can be controlled, either temporarily or indefinitely, with treatments such as surgical resection, stereotactic radiosurgery, fractionated radiation and chemotherapy.
What happens once cancer has metastasized?
In metastasis, cancer cells break away from where they first formed (primary cancer), travel through the blood or lymph system, and form new tumors (metastatic tumors) in other parts of the body. The metastatic tumor is the same type of cancer as the primary tumor.