Does osteoporosis affect cortical or trabecular bone?
Thus, the bone loss in early osteoporosis is mainly a trabecular bone loss. With increasing age, the cortical bone becomes more and more porous and, therefore, its endocortical surface increases (Figure 1).
What does cortical bone do?
Cortical bone is the dense outer surface of bone that forms a protective layer around the internal cavity. This type of bone also known as compact bone makes up nearly 80% of skeletal mass and is imperative to body structure and weight bearing because of its high resistance to bending and torsion.
Which bones are cortical?
Cortical bone forms the external layer of all bones but is found predominantly in the appendicular skeleton, particularly in diaphysis of long bones. Cancellous bone is found mainly in the axial skeleton, located between the cortices of smaller flat and short bones such as scapulae, vertebrae, and pelvis.
Is cortical bone brittle?
Cortical bone is more brittle at high strain rates, and loading rate also has an effect on the accumulation of damage within bone tissue (2).
What is the difference between cortical bone and trabecular bone?
The material properties of the bone compartments differ: trabecular bone has lower calcium content and more water content compared to cortical bone. Trabecular bone has a large surface exposed to the bone marrow and blood flow, and the turnover is higher than in cortical bone .
Will osteoporosis shorten my life?
The residual life expectancy of a 50-year-old man beginning osteoporosis treatment was estimated to be 18.2 years and that of a 75-year-old man was 7.5 years. Estimates in women were 26.4 years and 13.5 years, respectively.
What is the safest osteoporosis drug 2020?
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Evenity (romosozumab-aqqg) to treat osteoporosis in postmenopausal women at high risk of breaking a bone (fracture).
What organs are affected by osteoporosis?
Osteoporotic bone breaks are most likely to occur in the hip, spine or wrist, but other bones can break too. In addition to causing permanent pain, osteoporosis causes some patients to lose height. When osteoporosis affects vertebrae, or the bones of the spine, it often leads to a stooped or hunched posture.
What is the strongest predictor of bone density?
Age is the strongest predictor of osteoporosis.
What bones are most vulnerable to the ravages of osteoporosis?
About 2 million fractures in the US each year are due to osteoporosis. Although all bones can be affected by the disease, the bones of the spine, hip, and wrist are most likely to break. In older people, hip fractures can be particularly dangerous.