What conditions or illnesses does a spinal tap test for?
A lumbar puncture can help diagnose serious infections, such as meningitis; other disorders of the central nervous system, such as Guillain-Barre syndrome and multiple sclerosis; or cancers of the brain or spinal cord.
What can spinal fluid be tested for?
A CSF analysis may include tests to diagnose:
- Infectious diseases of the brain and spinal cord, including meningitis and encephalitis. …
- Autoimmune disorders, such as Guillain-Barré Syndrome and multiple sclerosis (MS). …
- Bleeding in the brain.
- Brain tumors.
Will a Spinal Tap show cancer?
Spinal taps can be especially useful in helping to diagnose a type of cancer in which tumor cells invade the cerebrospinal fluid called neoplastic meningitis.
What is a spinal tap and how does it test for infection?
Overview. A lumbar puncture (LP), also called a spinal tap, is an invasive outpatient procedure used to remove a sample of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the subarachnoid space in the spine. (This test is similar to a blood test, in which a needle is inserted into an artery to collect blood for testing.)
Can a spinal tap paralyze you?
While a spinal tap can be uncomfortable, the fear of a spinal tap causing paralysis is unfounded. Paralysis can occur when the spinal cord, which runs from the brain stem to the top of the lumbar vertebrae and usually ends in the space between the first and second lumbar vertebrae, is damaged.
What does bacteria in spinal fluid mean?
Bacteria or other germs found in the sample may be a sign of meningitis. This is an infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. The infection can be caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses.
How do you know if you have a spinal fluid leak?
The most common symptoms of a spinal CSF leak are:
- Positional headaches, which feel worse when sitting upright and better when lying down; caused by intracranial hypotension.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Neck pain or stiffness.
- Change in hearing (muffled, ringing in the ears)
- Sense of imbalance.
- Photophobia (sensitivity to light)
What does high glucose in spinal fluid mean?
Glucose levels in CSF are compared with blood plasma levels of glucose. CSF protein concentration. Increases may mean brain or spinal cord disease. CSF leukocyte, or white blood cell, count. It’s usually high if you have an infection.
What does spinal fluid look like with meningitis?
In people with meningitis, the CSF often shows a low sugar (glucose) level along with an increased white blood cell count and increased protein. CSF analysis may also help your doctor identify which bacterium caused the meningitis.