What are the bones of the spine called?

What are the bones of the back or spine called?

Vertebrae. Vertebrae are the 33 individual bones that interlock with each other to form the spinal column. The vertebrae are numbered and divided into regions: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, and coccyx (Fig. 2). Only the top 24 bones are moveable; the vertebrae of the sacrum and coccyx are fused.

What are the 5 areas of the spine?

The spine is composed of 33 bones, called vertebrae, divided into five sections: the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine sections, and the sacrum and coccyx bones. The cervical section of the spine is made up of the top seven vertebrae in the spine, C1 to C7, and is connected to the base of the skull.

What body parts are in your back?

The spine itself has three main segments: the cervical spine, the thoracic spine, and the lumbar spine. The cervical is the upper part of the spine, made up of seven vertebrae (bones). The thoracic is the center portion of the spine, consisting of 12 vertebrae. The lower portion of the spine is called the lumbar spine.

What are the two types of joints?

How many types of joints are there in the human body?

  • Synarthroses (immovable). These are fixed or fibrous joints. …
  • Amphiarthroses (slightly movable). …
  • Diarthroses (freely movable).
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How many spinal cords are in the human body?

Segments

Species Cervical Total
Cow 8 37
Horse 8 42
Pig 8 38
Human 8 31