What 3 structures does the spinal nerve form?

What are the 3 main parts of the spinal cord?

The spinal cord comprises three parts: the cervical (neck), thoracic (chest), and lumbar (lower back) regions. Three layers of tissue protect the spinal cord: the dura mater, arachnoid mater, and pia mater.

What are the parts of the spinal nerve?

The spinal cord is divided into four different regions: the cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral regions (Figure 3.1). The different cord regions can be visually distinguished from one another.

Which spinal nerves affect which parts of the body?

The nerves of the cervical spine go to the upper chest and arms. The nerves in your thoracic spine go to your chest and abdomen. The nerves of the lumbar spine then reach to your legs, bowel, and bladder. These nerves coordinate and control all the body’s organs and parts, and let you control your muscles.

What is the GREY matter?

Anatomical terminology. Grey matter (or gray matter) is a major component of the central nervous system, consisting of neuronal cell bodies, neuropil (dendrites and unmyelinated axons), glial cells (astrocytes and oligodendrocytes), synapses, and capillaries.

What are the major components of a spinal nerve?

Thus, all the spinal nerves are composed of both sensory and motor fibers (mixed nerves). There are eight cervical, twelve thoracic, five lumbar, five sacral nerves and one coccygeal nerve (all in pairs), each one emerging out of their corresponding intervertebral foramina (bony openings) of the vertebral canal.

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What is the function of a spine?

Your spine, or backbone, is your body’s central support structure. It connects different parts of your musculoskeletal system. Your spine helps you sit, stand, walk, twist and bend. Back injuries, spinal cord conditions and other problems can damage the spine and cause back pain.

What organs does the spine protect?

Functions of the Spine

Protect the spinal cord, nerve roots and several of the body’s internal organs. Provide structural support and balance to maintain an upright posture.