What type of birth defect is spina bifida?
Spina bifida is a condition that affects the spine and is usually apparent at birth. It is a type of neural tube defect (NTD). Spina bifida can happen anywhere along the spine if the neural tube does not close all the way.
Is spina bifida a spinal cord injury?
Congenital defects are problems that result from abnormal growth or development of the spine and spinal cord, and include spina bifida (incomplete closure of the spinal cord or myelomeningocele), scoliosis (bending or twisting of bony spine), tethered spinal cord and diastematomyelia (abnormal division of the spinal …
Is spina bifida curvature of the spine?
The spine helps keep us upright when we are sitting and walking. When a person who has spina bifida (spy na BIFF e da) also has scoliosis (sko lee O sis), or spinal asymmetry, the spine is not straight. It may be because of curvature or twisting of the spine, usually in an “S” or “C” shape. This can progress over time.
How is spina bifida classified?
Because spina bifida is caused by abnormalities of the neural tube, it is classified as a neural tube defect. Children born with spina bifida often have a fluid-filled sac on their back that is covered by skin, called a meningocele .
Can spina bifida be corrected?
Currently, there is no cure for spina bifida, but there are a number of treatments available to help manage the disease and prevent complications. In some cases, if diagnosed before birth, the baby can undergo surgery while still in the womb in an effort to repair or minimize the spinal defect.
Can you fix spina bifida in the womb?
While there is no cure for spina bifida, repairing the spine in the womb can minimize the spinal defect. Prenatal surgery also lowers the risk for a shunt. For babies that have surgery after birth, 82 percent will require a shunt to be placed in the brain.
Is spina bifida a disability?
If your family has limited income and resources, your child with spina bifida will likely qualify for SSI disability benefits. Spina bifida is a disease that affects children and can be very disabling. If your child has spina bifida, he or she may qualify for SSI disability benefits by applying through Social Security.
Does spina bifida get worse with age?
Spina Bifida in Adults
Adults who have spina bifida face different problems than do children, including: Normal aging process including loss of muscle strength and flexibility, less physical stamina, and a decrease in sensory abilities tend to decline faster or more sever for adults with SB.
What deficiency causes spina bifida?
Lack of folic acid
Not having enough folic acid during pregnancy is one of the most important factors that can increase your chances of having a child with spina bifida. Folic acid (also known as vitamin B9) occurs naturally in some foods, such as broccoli, peas and brown rice.
Does spina bifida affect the brain?
Some babies with spina bifida have hydrocephalus (excess fluid on the brain), which can damage the brain and cause further problems. Many people with spina bifida and hydrocephalus will have normal intelligence, although some will have learning difficulties, such as: a short attention span. difficulty solving problems.
Is spina bifida degenerative?
There is no specific treatment for occult spina bifida if the abnormality is limited to the bone. Usually these deformities are found at the last lumbar vertebrae (L5) or at the first sacral vertebrae (S1). However, deformities of the spine can lead to degenerative changes later in life that may require intervention.