What is postmenopausal osteoporosis?
Type I osteoporosis (postmenopausal osteoporosis) generally develops after menopause, when estrogen levels drop precipitously. These changes lead to bone loss, usually in the trabecular (spongy) bone inside the hard cortical bone.
How common is postmenopausal osteoporosis?
Menopause is the most common cause of osteoporosis. One in two postmenopausal women will have osteoporosis and most will suffer a fracture during their lifetime.
What is the most effective treatment for postmenopausal osteoporosis?
Bisphosphonates are the drugs of choice for preventing and treating postmenopausal osteoporosis. Alternatives for patients who cannot take bisphosphonates include raloxifene and calcitonin salmon.
Why is osteoporosis more common after menopause?
Women tend to have smaller, thinner bones than men. Estrogen, a hormone in women that protects bones, decreases sharply when women reach menopause, which can cause bone loss. This is why the chance of developing osteoporosis increases as women reach menopause.
What is the main cause of postmenopausal osteoporosis?
Since low estrogen levels are the main cause of postmenopausal osteoporosis, menopause hormone therapy is considered as the first line choice for prevention of osteoporosis and its effectiveness has been demonstrated by various studies.
How can I prevent osteoporosis after menopause?
Reducing the risk of osteoporosis during menopause
- Aim for 1,300 mg of dietary calcium intake every day. …
- Do regular and appropriate weight-bearing physical activity , including resistance training exercise with weights (always do this type of exercise under supervision).
- Maintain adequate vitamin D levels.
How can I increase my postmenopausal bone density?
Walking, jogging, playing tennis, and dancing are all good weight-bearing exercises. In addition, strength and balance exercises may help you avoid falls, decreasing your chance of breaking a bone. Eat foods high in calcium. Getting enough calcium throughout your life helps to build and keep strong bones.
Can vitamin D reverse osteoporosis?
In the 8 studies with greater than 80% compliance, a 24% risk reduction for all fractures was identified. The author’s conclusions were that calcium, or calcium in combination with vitamin D supplementation, was effective in the preventive treatment of osteoporosis in people aged 50 years or older.
What is postmenopausal syndrome?
The four core symptoms- hot flashes, poor sleep, genitourinary symptoms/sexual dysfunction, and mood changes were most commonly seen among menopausal women are referred to as postmenopausal syndrome.
What are the symptoms of postmenopausal?
Many symptoms are found related to postmenopausal syndrome: Hot flushes, irritability, mood swings, insomnia, dry vagina, difficulty concentrating, mental confusion, stress incontinence, urge incontinence, osteoporotic symptoms, depression, headache, vasomotor symptoms, insomnia etc.
Can you rebuild bone after menopause?
Your bones support your body, give it shape, and help you move. Your bones also help protect your heart, lungs, and brain. Even though your bones feel hard and rigid, they are living tissues that constantly rebuild themselves during your life.